Scientific Name: Carphophis amoenus
Size: 4 to 9 in. (18-22 cm) in length
Status: Species of special concern
Rocky bluffs, pine wood and hardwood forest, old fields, partially wooded areas near/above streams, wetland borders. May be found under rocks, logs, stumps, or in flower beds.
Short stout snake with a small, blunt head that is not distinct from the body; Small round functional eyes; short narrow (pointy) tail. The scales are smooth and shiny. The upper body is gray to brown or black and patternless. The belly color is light pink, reddish-pink to light brown, tan, or light gray. This belly coloration extend 1-2 rows on the side of the body. The Wormsnake gets its name because it resembles an earthworm.
- The dorsal is gray to brown or black unpatterned.
- The ventral is a light pink, reddish-pink to light brown, tan, or light gray.
- The ventral coloration extend 1-2 rows on the side of the body.
- Small, slender species.
- The Worm Snake gets its name because it resembles an earthworm.
- The body is short and stout with a short narrow (pointy) tail.
- The head is small and blunt with no distinction from the body.
- Good burrowers and will go underground during dry seasons. -Fossorial species-
- Small round functional eyes.
- Dorsal scales are smooth and opalescent/glossy.
- Young have a darker pattern and brighter underside than the adults.
- Similar looking to adults.
- 13 scale rows at midbody
- 109-145 ventral scales
- 22-41 subcaudals
- 2 rows of subcaudals
- 1 nasal scale
- 1 loreal scale
- 0 preocular scales
- 1 postocular scale
- 1+1 temporal scales
- 5 supralabials
- 6 infralabials
- Anal plate is divided
May be Confused With:
- Northern Brownsnake
- Red-Bellied Snake
- Hulse, C. and McCoy C. J. and Ellen Censky ,1998. Amphibians and Reptiles of Pennsylvania and the Northeast. 267-269pp.
- Ernst, Carl H. and Ernst, Evelyn M. ,2003. Snakes of the United States and Canada. 53-56pp.
- Jason Poston
- Bob Hamilton
- Scott Moser
- Billy Brown
- Wayne Fidler
Please contribute your observation of this and other herps to the Pennsylvania Amphibian and Reptile Survey. Your help is needed.
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