Blue-Spotted Salamander

Scientific Name: Ambystoma laterale
Size: 2.9-5.1 inches (7.5-13 cm) in length
Status: Endangered

Deciduous or mixed hardwood-coniferous forest with temporary or permanent ponds.

The blue-spotted salamander is closely related to the Jefferson's salamander, and hybrids between the two species does occur.

Adult Coloration:
  • The dorsal background is grayish black with large blue blotches and flecks.
  • The ventral is black to dark gray with scattered spots.
Adult Characteristics:
  • Small-sized species
  • The body is small and slender.
  • The head is only slightly distinct from the neck.
  • The legs are short and well-developed.
  • The tail is oval near the base, and laterally compressed near the tip.
  • 12–14 costal grooves.
Juvenile Characteristics:
  • Dark brown with some slight yellow or blue markings on the dorsal and ventral.
Larvae Characteristics:
  • Pond type.
  • The body is brown with yellow lateral stripping that fades when older.
  • The ventral is lighter colored and unmarked.
  • Large, well-developed dorsal and caudal fins.
  • The head is large and broad.
  • The limbs are long and thin.

Adult Gallery:

Larvae Gallery:

May be Confused With:
  • Petranka, James W. ,1998. Salamanders of the United States and Canada. 63-67pp.
  • Don Becker (
  • David J. Hand

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